TISSUE CULTURE BANANA

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About Course

Upon successful completion of this course, the learner should be able to;

a) practice cultivation for tissue culture bananas.

b) Carry out different methods of planting.

c) Understand the forms of intercultural operations.

d) Identify banana contingency problems.

e) Market tissue culture banana nursery operations

Course Content

OVERVIEW OF TISSUE CULTURE BANANA
Introduction overview of tissue culture bananas. • Tissue culture. b) Suckers collection. • Propagule Disinfection. • Tissue culture medium for shoot growth. • Ingredients of tissue culture medium for banana shoot proliferation. • Inoculation procedure. • Shoot cultures maintenance. • The proliferation of shoots(subculture). c) Rooting. • Banana rooting medium. • Preparing tissue-cultured banana plantlets for field planting.

  • OVERVIEW OF TISSUE CULTURE BANANA
  • QUIZ

TISSUE CULTURE PROPAGATION OF BANANA
a) Cultivation practices for tissue culture bananas. • Soil. • preparation of the field. • Ratoon crop. • The growth cycle of banana plants consists of 2 phases. • During the growth cycle, plants essentially develop three major components. • Management of Ratoons. • Planting. • Pre-treatment of suckers. • System of planting. • single row system. • Paired Row system. • Square system. • Triangular system. • Methods of planting. • Pit method. • Furrow method. • Trench planting. b) High density planting method (HDP). • Plant canopy and light intersection. • Plant height and girth. • The leaf number and the leaf area index. • Weeds growth. • Banana plants flowering and fruit maturity. • Banana fruit yields. • Incidence of diseases.

CROPPING SYSTEM
a) Cropping system. • Introduction. • Crop rotations. • Mixed cropping. b) Intercultural operations. • Desuckering. • Propping. • Mulching. • Removal of withered leaves and perianth. • Leaves pruning. • Mattacking of banana. • Earthing up of banana plants. • Bunch covering after harvest. • Denavelling. • Bunch thinning. • Peduncle wrapping. • Tagging of banana bunches. • Wind breaks. c) banana mat system. • how many leaves per stem should remain? • How fast does a stem produce a bunch? • Do all leaves emerge at the same interval? • How long from one generation of bunches to the next? • How do the roots always grow? • Are bigger bunches enough? d) Banana cultivation do’s and don’ts. • Tissue culture banana cultivation do’s and don’ts. • Cultivation cost. • Comparison of economics of conventional and tissue culture banana cultivation. • Calendar of operations. • The first month, do the following. • Second month. • Third month do the following. • Fourth month do the following. • Fifth month. • Sixth month do the following. • Seventh month do the following. • Eighth month do the following. • Ninth month do the following. e) Banana contingency problems.  How to overcome soil sodicity problem in banana.  Overcoming flood damage in banana plantation.  Overcoming wind damage in banana.  Overcoming the stem weevil problems.  Overcoming the chilling injury during winter.  Overcoming the Erwinia rot in banana plants.  Overcoming the wilt disease.  Contingency plan against natural calamities-drought.  Protecting the peduncle from sun scorching.  Propping the plants against the wind.

PROFITABILITY OF TISSUE CULTURE FARMING
Turn tissue culture business into a profitable venture. • Is banana tissue culture a profitable business? • Prerequisites before hitting banana tissue culture business. • How one can skyrocket the profits in banana tissue culture business. b) Marketing for tissue culture banana nursery operations. • Markets. • what is demand? • What is supply? • What influences the price of a product?

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