NYOTA AND YELLOW BEAN FARMING

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About Course

By the end of this course, the learner should be able to;

  1. Have a know how on the production of dry bean
  2. Have knowledge on the pre-planting and planting activities carried on bean farming
  3. Have a knowledge on good agricultural practices in bean crops
  4. Identify nyota bean pests and diseases and their management
  5. Know the harvesting and post-handling methods and its value addition

 

Course Content

DRY BEAN PRODUCTION
Dry been production • Importance of beans • Ecological requirements • Key value chain actors • Risk related to value chain actors • Bean varieties  Yellow bean (KAT B1)  Nyota (KAD 02)

  • Dry bean production
  • QUIZ

PRE-PLANTING AND PLANTING ACTIVITIES
a) Pre-planting and planting activities • Planning at household level • Site selection • Soil testing • Land preparation • Timing of land preparation • Method of land preparation and related equipment • Conventional methods • Conservation tillage • Planting of beans  Planting depth • Crop management practices  Weed management  Essential plant nutrients • Climate smart agriculture (CSA)  Definition  Climate smart agricultural components  Advantages of climate smart agriculture

GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES IN CROPS
Good agricultural practices in crops • What are the good agricultural practices • How must the soil be prepared? • How can crops be handled • Protection of crops • How can water be used and managed • How must water for irrigation be used • Water for the family and workers • How must agro-chemical be used  What agro-chemicals should I use  What element should I use to protect myself  How should I apply agro-chemicals? • How should I apply fertilizers?  How used organic manure be used  What type of manure should I apply and how should I do it  Where should I prepare organic manure  Work animals  Production animals  Domestic animals • Which is the best way of harvesting  What must be considered at the moment of selling the product  Advantages of the registry

MAJOR BEAN INSECT PESTS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT
Major bean insect pests and their management • Type of best, damage done and control measures • Major bean diseases and associated control measures • Diseases, transmission, symptoms/signs and control

HARVEST AND POST-HARVEST HANDLING
Harvest and post-harvest handling a) Harvesting • Methods of harvesting  Manual/hand harvesting  Mechanical harvesting b) Post- harvest handling • Transportation • Drying of beans in the pods • Threshing and winnowing of beans • Drying threshed grain  Methods and technologies of drying • Methods of checking moisture content  Traditional methods  Scientific means • Grain cleaning • Storage • Storage pests, mycotoxins and their control c) Value addition in beans • Cleaning and sorting of bean grain • Milling  Bio fortified beans  Pre-cooked beans  Canned beans

REFERENCE MATERIAL

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