DAIRY FARMING

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About Course

This course is geared towards equipping prospective apprentice and mentees with practical-based knowledge  that drive them to unleash the golden opportunity in Dairy farming.

Course Content

INTRODUCTION TO DAIRY FARMING
a) Introduction to dairy farming • Importance of dairy farming in Kenya b) Dairy cattle breeds • Friesian • The Ayrshire • The Guernsey • The Jersey c) Dairy cattle housing • General housing requirements • Zero grazing • Deep bedded sheds • Loose housing with free stalls • Bull pens • Alleyways • Water catchment • Housing for the medium and large scale herds

  • Introduction
  • QUIZ

CALF AND HEIFER REARING
a) Introduction to calf rearing b) Management practices before birth c) Management practices at calving d) Feeding of the calf • Phases of feeding a calf • Calf feeding Programs • Calf feeding Methods (Single sucking, Foster mother/multiple sucking, Nipple sucking, Bottle feeding, Bucket feeding) e) Feeding program during first week f) Feeding schedule during second week to one month g) Calves feeds h) Calf housing • Calf housing design i) General management practices • Castration • Dehorning • Branding h) Common diseases i) Introduction to heifer rearing j) Feeding k) Growth rate(weight) versus age l) Breeding m) Steaming up n) Housing o) Health management

FEEDING MANAGEMENT OF DAIRY CATTLE
a) Introduction to feeding and management of dairy cows b) Qualities of good dairy cows c) Cow as a milk factory d) Feeding • Nutritional requirements • Nutrient requirements e) Types of feeds • Bulk feeds • Supplementary feeds • Minerals • Vitamins • Water f) Balanced Ration • Total mixed rations (TMR) • Practical feeding • Guidelines for concentrate feeding • Challenge feeding g) Use of body condition to assess the feeding regimes in dairy cattle h) Feeding conservation i) Hay making j) Harvesting and curing k) Baling hay l) Silage m) Harvesting stages n) Types of silos o) Qualities of good silage p) Storage and feeding q) Losses r) Silage additives s) General management of dairy cows t) The different periods of the dairy cow cycle • Service period • Heat detection • Mating u) Breeding methods • Natural service • Artificial insemination v) Factors affecting rate of conception • The fertility chain • Heat detection and time of service • Semen quality and handling • Hours from beginning of standing heat • Nutritional factors • Normal health of female genital tract w) Indicators of infertility • Fertility indices • Estrus synchronization • Embryo transfer • Animal factors • Environmental factors x) Dry period • Reasons of drying • Steaming up

DAIRY DISEASE MANAGEMENT, RECORD KEEPING AND LIFE SKILLS
a) Introduction to dairy common diseases, their causes, prevention and treatment • Mastitis • Milk fever • Ketosis • Acidosis • Sore hooves-laminitis • Bloat • Internal parasite worms b) Record • Introduction to dairy production record keeping • Characteristics of records • Types of records • Recording c) Life skills • How to manage wounds and fractures • Steps followed in treatment of wounds d) Fractures e) Disposing of waste and carcasses

FOOD SAFETY & QUALITY ASSURANCE IN CLEAN MILK PRODUCTION
a) Introduction to clean milk production • Milk • Milking • The cow • The milker • The environment • Equipment • Milking b) Practical aspects of milking c) Handling the milk d) Milk storage e) Milk preservation • Cooling • Heating • Chemicals f) Milking machines g) Cleaning • Cleaning and sanitation of milk transportation equipment • Maintenance of milk handling and cooling equipment maintenance of milk coolers • Characteristics and maintenance of bulk tanks • Importance of carrier maintenance h) Surface milk cooler i) Milk transport to processing factory • Bulk milk transport j) Basic milk quality tests • Organoleptic test • Clot-on-boiling test • Alcohol test • Lactometer test

AFRIFOODS SUPPORT SERVICES TO DAIRY FARMERS
a) The significance of extension support services to dairy farmers b) Detailed information on the following support services that are offered by Afrifoods • Efficient and Competitive Smallholder Supply Chains • Training & Extension • Animal feeds and fodder • Market linkage and investor linkage • Creativity and Innovation • Farmer model • Provision of feeds and fodder • Practical Training and Vocational Skills Development • Policy • Veterinary services • Debt restricting and funding

GUIDELINES TO A SUCCESSFUL DAIRY FARM
a) Introduction to marketing and probability in dairy farming b) Critical factors for dairy production • Land • Labour • Capital c) Projected returns from dairy production • Overall assumptions made in dairy production d) Dairy products and impact of dairy marketing in Kenya e) Agribusiness opportunities of dairy farming f) Beginner tips for a successful dairy cattle farming in Kenya • Conducting an in depth market research • Dairy farming in Kenya business plan • Taking cues from experts in the field • Research in breed and species of dairy cows • Health care and management plan g) How to do dairy farming h) Dairy farming project i) Tips on dairy farming in Kenya j) Problems facing dairy farming in Kenya

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